NEWTON, aims to demonstrate the potential improvement of short-term dust forecasts when the numerical simulations are initialized from meteorological fields in which Aeolus observations have been assimilated. To realize the overarching objective of NEWTON, regional dust simulations initialized with IFS numerical outputs provided by the ECWMF, will be performed for specific regions of the planet, i.e. West Sahara-Tropical Atlantic Ocean and Eastern Mediterranean.

In a nutshell, the NEWTON project aims to:

1. Assess the potential improvements on short-term regional dust forecasts attributed to the assimilation of Aeolus profiles.

2. Investigate the modifications of dust emission and transport mechanisms by contrasting numerical simulations initialized with and without Aeolus observations.

3. Highlight the benefits and the necessity of Aeolus data on dust research, paving the way for future operational satellite missions.


A synergy of numerical simulations and sophisticated observations will be considered in the framework of the NEWTON project.

1. Regional atmospheric-dust modeling.

  • 2. Regions of Interest (RoIs):

      • ◆   Eastern Mediterranean.

      • ◆   Western parts of the Sahara and the eastern Tropical Atlantic Ocean

  • 3. Assessment versus reference datasets

  • Dust Event

    Dustload evolution above Mediterranean during February '21. Massive production of dust emission started from the North Saharian sources on 5/2. The plume affected mostly the Southern European countries.

    Work Programme

    • Jan 2021
    • Mar 2021
    • May 2021
    • July 2021
    • Sep 2021
    • Nov 2021
    • Jan 2022
    • Mar 2022
    • May 2022
    • Jun 2022
    • WP1000: Management and Reporting
    • WP2000: Consolidation of the scientific requirements
    • WP3000: Performance of regional short-term dust forecasts
    • WP4000: Pre-processing and curation of the reference datasets
    • WP5000: Assessment of Aeolus profiles assimilation on dust monitoring and forecasting
    • WP6000: Recommendations and future prespectives
    • © ReACT Team, National Observatory of Athens